The Conventional cotton is genetically modified, has been developed to be resistant to glyphosate, a pesticide (used to eliminate spontaneous plants and pests) classified by the OMS as “probably carcinogenic to humans” and degrades ecosystems and pollutes the environment.
Glyphosate is used in 90% of genetically modified conventional cotton plantations.
It is marketed under the name of Roundup and this compound penetrates the soil, it filters into the water and its residues remain in the crops: it is in what we eat, in the water we drink and in our bodies.
The main risk groups are the people who dedicate themselves to agriculture and their families (Source Greenpeace).
Environmentally the use of pesticides in cotton monocultures are capable of causing all kinds of damage to habitats, flora and fauna.
In addition, to be able to plant conventional cotton previously it has been necessary to purify the soil with phosphates, killing all the biodiversity of the soil, making it unusable for other crops (Source Patagonia Inc).
The use of genetically modified seeds has a social cost. The farmers must sign annual contracts with the companies that have the patents and the price goes up, so they increase their costs and impoverish them.
The solution is to work with organic farming where techniques are used to control the spontaneous plants such as: The diversity and rotation of crops, and the habitat is encouraged so that there are insects that prevent pests.
Organic cotton is cultivated using crop standards without the use of pesticides, controlling insects with natural repellents, making crop rotation techniques and using a natural seed as a base.
The consequences of the cultivation of organic cotton are respect for the biodiversity of the land where it is grown, thus promoting fertility for future crops, respect for the health of workers who are harmed in the practice of conventional cotton cultivation by inhaling chemical products and people who will use these products.
Small local economies are also encouraged, helping the farmers to be more sustainable with their own lives.
Organic cotton is much softer than conventional cotton and allows the skin greater ventilation and breathing.
ORGANIC COTTON VS CONVENTIONAL COTTON
Upcycling consists in recovering materials already used or consumed (which will not be used again) and transforming them into new materials or products.
Plastic bottles, plastic materials from the footwear industry that go to waste or recycled cotton: Our recycled materials give a second life to waste, which saves CO2 emissions and water consumption because they are already manufactured materials.
According to Aitex (Textile Technological Institute) to manufacture shoes requires 4000 liters of water and using recycled polyester or recycled cotton reduces the water footprint by 40%.
For each slipper you use flamingos you are saving an average of 1600 liters of water.
The fabric we use to make our shoes comes from recycled pol- yester made from polyethylene terephthalate (PET).
It is one of the materials with the best characteristics for recy- cling according to GreenPeace, which also reduces CO2 emissions to the atmosphere by 50%.
According to the Bureau of International Recycling (BIR) the re- cycling of materials in the world means a reduction of 700 million tons of C02 every year.
According to Mike Berners Lee’s book, “How bad are bananas? “ for every kilogram of plastic manufactured, 3.5 kilograms of CO2 are released into the atmosphere. If it is recycled PET, then it is reduced to 1.7 kilograms of CO2.
On average, 2 recycled plastic bottles are needed to produce a pair of flamingos shoes.
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